What is foot pain in the arch?
Foot pain in the arch is a common problem experienced by many people every once in a while and it refers to the inflammation of the arch of the foot. It also exhibits itself as a burning sensation in the arch of the foot. The pain can be caused by a variety of factors including but not limited to the structural imbalance of the foot or an injury to the foot.
Factors that lead to pain in the arch of the foot
The main causative factor of the pain in the arch is known as plantar fasciitis. This occurs when the plantar fascia of the foot, the fibrous tissues that are present along the heel of the foot, become too stretched. This condition is mainly present in people with flat feet because the plantar fascia in their feet is stretched out far which leads to pain in the arch especially when one has not been on their feet for a long period of time. Overweight people and pregnant women often experience this problem due to the extra weight exerted on their
feet which causes a lot of strain in their ligaments. People who run long distance races as well as people who are on their feet for most of the day are also at risk of plantar fasciitis due to the strain on their feet. This condition requires treatment when it starts because delaying treatment can lead to worse problems in the foot such as heel spurs.
An imbalance in the structure of the foot could lead to arch pain if the tissues present in the foot are stretched out too far. In addition to these causes, a direct injury to the foot can lead to arch pain. Such injuries can occur during exercise and strenuous physical activities or can be as a result of getting hit in the arch. The pain could be as a result of wearing shoes that put a lot of pressure on the arch of the foot such as high heels. People with medical conditions such as diabetes and arthritis are prone to suffering from arch pain.
Posterior Tibial Tendonitis is another cause of pain in the arch of the foot which occurs due to continuous high impact sporting activities which lead to the tear of the tendon or its inflammation thus leading to pain. Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome occurs when the tibial numb is compressed due to the presence of something like a cyst in the tarsal tunnel. Other key factors include athletes foot, trench foot and foot cramps.
What symptoms does arch pain exhibit?
When one is suffering from arch pain, the foot may feel tender and one will experience pain in the arch during physical activities or during stretching. On the other hand, one may experience relief from the pain once they engage in physical activities. Another key symptom is the burning sensation experienced at the bottom of the foot at the center of the arch.
How can one treat arch pain?
If the pain is caused by the pressure put on the arch of the foot by one’s choice of footwear, this can be dealt with by a change in shoes. One should strive to wear comfortable shoes which can comfortably bear the pressure of a person’s weight. When exercising, people should wear shoes with shock absorbing properties so as not to harm their feet. Sometimes the pain is due to over exertion of the foot and in such a case, the affected person should take a break and rest for a while and the pain will subside. Using ice on the foot also helps one relieve the pain in addition to compression and elevation of the foot in order to stretch and relax the ligaments.
For people with structural imbalances in their feet, the use of orthotics is advised as it provides the balance required for the foot such that the tissues do not undergo strain. Stretching exercises can be performed in addition to taking of pain medications to subsidize the pain. Surgeries can be performed in cases where none of the above methods can provide the required relief for the pain. With these methods, foot pain in the arch can be treated.