There are various procedures that can be used to remove corns and foot calluses naturally. Corns and calluses occur when the skin is subjected to pressure and friction which leads to the thickening and hardening of the layers of the skin. The skin hardens in order to protect itself and this can happen in the feet or hands of a person.
How can people tell if they have corns or calluses?
There is a difference between a corn and callus and the signs and symptoms of the two may differ. Corns are not as big as calluses and they exhibit themselves as hard parts surrounded by a layer of inflamed skin whereas calluses are larger and are rarely inflamed. The general symptoms common to the two are raised hard bumps in the skin and the skin appears to be dry and flaky. The skin will be rough and the area surrounding the corn or callus will be slightly tender as compared to the surrounding skin. Corns and calluses are found on different parts of the foot and are divided into calluses, hard corns, soft corns, seed corns and plantar calluses. If a person observes changes in the skin of the foot that match the description of corns and calluses, it is advisable to seek medical advice. A doctor can confirm the presence of corns and calluses by using an x-ray or conducting a physical exam.
Factors that lead to the occurrence of corns and calluses in the foot
A variety of factors could lead to the development of foot corns and calluses. Wearing closed shoes without socks could result in excess friction which would make the skin harden. Closed shoes should be worn with proper socks that fit comfortably because ill fitting socks will not prevent the friction. Shoes that are too big or too small for the feet could lead to corns and calluses because of the compression of the feet or the friction caused by the continuous sliding of the feet inside the shoe. High heels put a lot of pressure on toes which leads to the formation of corns and calluses.
Corns are common in bony feet due to the lack of sufficient layers of skin and could be caused by other foot problems such as bunions and hammer toes. Calluses can be caused by activities that put a lot of pressure on the feet such as running and are common in elderly people who lack sufficient skin layers to withstand the pressure on the feet.
Who are at risk of developing foot corns and calluses?
People with bunions, hammer toes and other foot deformities are more likely to suffer from foot corns and calluses as compared to people who do not suffer from such deformities. Bunions refer to a bump that forms at the joint of the big toe causing it to lean towards the other toes which increases the friction between the toes. Foot problems such as heel spurs are likely to increase the pressure and friction due to continuous rubbing in the shoes. People who wear ill fitting shoes during activities that put pressure on the foot are also at a high risk of developing corns and calluses.
How to treat corns and calluses
Calluses removal can be as simple as avoiding the things that caused them to develop such as ill fitting shoes. It is best to avoid the use of medication where necessary and one should not trim the corns and calluses without medical help as this could lead to infections. A person can remove corns and foot calluses naturally by soaking the affected foot in a basin with apple cider vinegar for about ten minutes then dabbing the corn or callus with castor oil.
One can remove corns and foot calluses naturally by applying vitamin A or E, castor oil, garlic, turpentine oil, onions with vinegar or lemon juice on the affected area every night before going to bed. The corn or callus should then be covered with a sock and this should continue until the foot is healed. Soaking feet in hot water for at least fifteen minutes then rubbing the area with a pumice stone helps get rid of the dead skin leaving the skin softer. Adding baking soda to the hot water makes the exfoliation process easier. Once the dead skin has been scrubbed off, castor oil can be applied to the corn or callus and a sock should be worn on the foot.
All these methods enable a person to remove corns and foot calluses naturally leaving the skin naturally soft.